Historical Snapshots I Hephaestion Amyntor
When Alexander the Great defeated the Persians he went to visit the captured royal family. Alongside him was his closest friend, the man also rumoured to have beenhis lover, General Hephaestion.
When they met Sisygambis, queen of the Persians, she knelt to beg for her family’s lives, but she mistook Hephaestion for Alexander. Upon realizing her mistake Sisygambis was intensely embarrassed. Alexander merely stepped forward and said, “You were not mistaken, Mother. For he too is Alexander.”
Alexander as a name simply meant ‘protector of men’.
- people of history: roxana
Roxana was believed to have been born before 343 BC, but the year has still yet to be determined. Her father was a minor Bactrian baron named Oxyartes of Balkh in Bactria (around modern day Balkh province of Afghanistan).
At the age of 16 in 327 BC, Roxana married Alexander the Great after he visited the fortress of Sogdian Rock despite the strong disapproval from his generals and companions.
In 323 BC after Alexander’s sudden death in Babylon, she gave birth to a son named Alexander IV Aegus.
After Alexander’s sudden death as well, Roxana murdered Alexander’s other wife, Stateira II and her sister Drypetis (wife of Alexander’s most trusted general and friend, as well as possible lover, Hephaestion) or Parysatis II (his third wife).
Roxana, along with her son, were protected by Alexander’s mother, Olympias, in Macedonia. Olympias’ assassination in 316 BC allowed Cassander, one of Alexander’s generals, to seek kingship of Macedonia.
Alexander IV Aegus being the legitimate son and heir to Alexander’s empire, Cassander ordered for him and Roxana to be assassinated in 310 BC.
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Date of Birth: 356 BC
Date of Death: 323 BC
Age at Death: 32
Born to King Philip II and Queen Olympias, Alexander was Philip’s eldest son and the Crown Prince. Though he had a tense bond with both his parents, his father made sure he was well educated and trained, starting at the young age of twelve. Though Alexander had a close group of friends, he began to grow distant around the age of seventeen and was never very sociable on a personal level afterwards. After he became King he withdrew even further and would occasionally succumb to fits of madness and rage.
As time wore on, Alexander became a recluse and only emerged at feasts or before a battle. Otherwise he spent much of his time in his tent, pouring over maps and diagrams and strategies and laying plans for new cities in his name to be built, leaving much of the everyday running of his army and empire to his trusted generals. Today he would most likely have been diagnosed as a Paranoid Schizophrenic.
Finally, at the age of thirty-two, Alexander died at the hands of one he had called his friend for thirty years. His empire was divided and war began anew, and though his conquests were soon lost, his legacy lived on in history and legend.
I want to stress that this profile is in direct relation to the fictional character that I have written and is in no way meant to be entirely historically accurate. This is also a first draft profile and will likely be edited or changed in some way at a later date.
This reminds me of the Macedonian sun, the symbol of the Macedonian army and an image that is still on Macedonia’s flag today.
Empire which Alexander the Great created in ca. 20 years.
Bust of Alexander III of Macedon (Alexander the Great).
There is nothing impossible to him that will try.
In the end, all that matters is what you’ve done.
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On October 1st, 331 BC Alexander the Great and Darius III clashed in their final and largest battle yet.
Fought early in the day, Alexander refused to follow his general’s advice and launch a night attack that would have seriously crippled Darius. Instead he devised a plan to split the Persian army that would leave Darius vulnerable. For such a strategy to be devised was unheard of during Alexander’s time and his men thought he had gone mad and never expected to win. It was certainly no less than surprising when the plan worked perfectly.
The Persian forces split, leaving a hole for the Macedonians to punch through and Darius fled when the left flank was overcome, forcing Alexander to take his men and save Parmenion, rather than chase Darius. The once great Persian king was later killed by his own men and buried with full royal honors by Alexander.
The Battle of Gaugamela is remembered for Alexander’s almost impossible victory over the Persians. Outnumbered 2-1 by modern estimates, 5-1 by conservative ancient estimates and as much as 20-1 by some of the more wild ancient estimates, the Macedonian army routed the Persian army and drove Darius and his remaining men into the hills, leaving Alexander as King of Asia.
LEADER OF MEN | a mix for the king conquerors and machiavelli’s princes; those who were about to swallow the world raw and whole; devouring glory and power, with no fear in their hearts and dressed in the blood of their enemies; loved and hated by gods alike; for men who were hungry and doomed, great and greater, and far beyond their time; for a young death and yet immortality through the tales told over centuries; for men as different as mortal from a god; for alexander and caesarI. TO GLORY - two steps from hell | II. BLOW ME AWAY - breaking benjamin | III. SCORPIOX - ramin djawadi | IV. WE WANT WAR - these new puritans | V. MY NAME - charlie winston | VI. DIFFERENT SWORD - joseph loduca | VII. ORCA - wintersleep | VIII. VENGEANCE - zack hemsey | IX. RADIOACTIVE - imagine dragons | X. DON’T MESS WITH ME - temposhark | XI. INVINCIBLE - two steps from hell
History meme: 3 men - ALEXANDER THE GREAT was born in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia in July 356 BC to Philip II of Macedon and his wife Olympias. Alexander was educated by the philosopher Aristotle. After his father’s assassination in 336 BC Alexander inherited a powerful yet volatile kingdom. He quickly dealt with his enemies at home and reasserted Macedonian power within Greece. He then set out to conquer the massive Persian Empire. Against overwhelming odds, he led his army to victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without suffering a single defeat. His greatest victory was at the Battle of Gaugamela, in what is now northern Iraq, in 331 BC. The young king of Macedonia, leader of the Greeks, overlord of Asia Minor and pharaoh of Egypt became ‘great king’ of Persia at the age of 25. Over the next eight years Alexander led his army a further 11,000 miles, founding over 70 cities and creating an empire that stretched across three continents and covered around two million square miles. Alexander’s empire was united by a common Greek language and culture, while he himself adopted foreign customs in order to rule his millions of ethnically diverse subjects. Alexander was acknowledged as a military genius who always led by example, although his belief in his own indestructibility meant he was often reckless with his own life and those of his soldiers; he introduced the custom of proskynesis which refers to the traditional Persian act of bowing or prostrating oneself before a person of higher social rank (the adoration which is due to a God alone). The fact that his army only refused to follow him once in 13 years of a reign during which there was constant fighting, indicates the loyalty he inspired. He died of a fever in Babylon in June 323 BC.
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